Volcanoes

Volcanoes are the main landmarks of Kamchatka Peninsula. The images of volcanoes feature in the flag and emblem of the Kamchatka Territory (former Kamchatka Region) and the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, as well as on most of the souvenirs made in Kamchatka.

The volcano activity is one of the reasons for minor earth shocks occurring in close proximity to the volcano or in it. During volcanic eruptions, volcanic ash, volcanic scoria, and volcanic bombs, that is the melted rock clots, as well as a large amount of various gases and water steam release to the atmosphere.

There are more than 300 volcanoes in Kamchatka in total. 28 of them belong to active and potential volcanoes; the quantity depends on the applied classification features and number of the activated volcanoes that have been previously considered extinguished. The largest active volcanoes in the peninsula are Shiveluch, Klyuchevskaya, Ichinskaya, Koryakskaya, Avacha, Karymskaya, and Kronotskaya Sopkas.

The volcanoes of Kamchatka are included in the UNESCO World Heritage. 

Mutnovsky Volcano

Excursion to the Mutnovsky Volcano crater – Opasny (Dangerous) Canyon. The Mutnovsky Volcano (2,322 m) is represented by four merged cones with the tops destroyed by eruptions of various nature. The crater, an active funnel being the main place of the modern volcanic activity, is on the west side. The volcano is unique due to that it provides an opportunity for people to see the active volcano inside without a great deal of difficulty. Active fumaroles, steam emissions, mud pots, mineral formation, volcanic sulfur, fantastic volcanic landscape put this place on a par with the best volcanic manifestations in the world. River Vulkannaya comes through the northern crater bottom and forms the 80-meter waterfall at the exit, and a deep canyon – Opasny (Dangerous) Gulley in the lower part. The canyon and waterfall are of world importance as natural monuments.

Gorely

60 km on the straight from P.-Kamchatsky on the high Gorelinsky Dale (1,000 m), the active Volcano Gorely is located (1,829 m). The volcano is a ridged massif of the merged cones raising from the ellipsoid caldera, 9=14 km, of various preservation, size, and shape. A collection of variable craters (11) on its top part is absolutely unique. The largest and most beautiful crater Blue Lake, with a diameter of 500 m and a depth of 200 m filled with the ever beautiful lake is located to the east

Avacha Volcano

The Avacha Volcano is the most active in the Koryaksky-Avachinsky group of volcanoes and is a complex, double volcano of the Somma-Vesuvius type. Travelers from all over the world admire the striking resemblance to the legendary volcano Vesuvius, responsible for ruining Pompeii. The active Avacha cone is located eccentrically within the somma that was formed as a result of a very severe eruption. The height of the volcano is 2,751 m above sea level, a few years ago the crater had the shape of a funnel, 400 m in diameter and 220 m deep. In 1991, as a result of the eruption, the funnel was almost completely filled with lava. The cone surface is mostly flat and complicated by the accumulation of lavas, a consequence of eruptions, in the pre-summit part only. Currently, the fumaroles confined to various areas of the lava that filled the crater are active. The most powerful outputs are observed in the apex. The Avacha Volcano is one of the most accessible, and its top overlooks the ocean, Petropavlovsk and the Vilyuchinsky, Gorely, Mutnovsky volcanoes, and in good weather, you can see the snow-white cone of Opala Volcano – in the south; the massive cone of the Koryakskaya Sopka volcano rises from the west; the valley of the Nalycheva River and the Zhupanovsky and Dzenzur Volcanoes from the north.

Tolbachik Volcano

Tolbachik Volcanic Massif belonging to the Klyuchevsky group of volcanoes. It is situated in the east of the peninsula. It belongs to the shield type by its shape. The massif is comprised of Ostry Tolbachik and Plosky Tolbachik. The crater diameter is about 3,000 m. The highest point is 3,682 m. The last eruption took place in 2012. The top of the extinguished volcano is destructed. There are the cracks o the surface, the glacier is nearby.

Klyuchevskaya Sopka

Active bedded volcano. It is situated in the east of Kamchatka. It belongs to the East Ridge. The crater diameter is 2,210 m, and depth – 340 m. The highest point is over 4,800 m from the bottom. The volcanological station works at the bottom. The last eruption dates from 2017. It is one of the most active volcanoes in Russia. It is the highest bald mountain (sopka) outside Caucasus.

Maly Semyachik

Volcano Maly Semyachik It is situated in the east of the peninsula. It belongs to the East Ridge. The bedded volcano has been drowsing for more over 60 years. The crater is oval with the diameter of about 800 m and depth – of 300 m. The highest point is 1,560 m from the bottom. Volcanic Lake of Maly Semyachik is called Green. This is due to the corresponding color of water. The water acidity is one of the highest in the world.

Uzon

Uzon Volcano Caldera It is situated in the territory of Kronotsky Reserve in the east of the peninsula. The highest point is 1,617 m. The caldera area is 100 sq.km. One of the funnels has become a place of formation of Dalneye Lake. There are also other lakes. Those located in the western part are primarily boggy. There are about a hundred of mineral springs. Some algae and bacteria discovered here have got used to live in boiling liquids.

Karymskaya Sopka

Karymskaya Sopka It belongs to the East Ridge. It is an active volcano with the highest point of 1,468 m. The top is like a truncated cone. It was formed of lava, ash, and other components in the ancient volcanic cauldron. The gases are constantly releasing. It is an active volcano, the last eruption occurred in 2014. The ash is dispersing for a distance of several hundred meters. Karymskaya Sopka awakes the neighboring volcanoes through a ripple effect.